From the basic concept of sustainable tourism; it’s clear that sustainable tourism was designed not to stop tourism but to manage it in the interests of all three parties involved – the host habitats and communities, the tourists and the industry itself. It seeks a balance between development and conservation. It seeks to find the best form of tourism for an area taking into account its ecology and its culture. It may mean limits to growth, or in some cases no growth at all. The precautionary principle is important here.
Sustainable tourism seeks not just to plan for tourism, but to integrate tourism into a balanced relationship with broader economic development. That is the way in which sustainable tourism fulfils its requirement to think holistically, and one of its approaches to responsibility in business, the triple bottom line. In many rural areas the watchword is that tourism should be a tool for rural conservation, service retention and diverse development – not just a business for its own sake. In many urban areas, tourism can also work with heritage conservation by using redundant historic buildings for tourism purposes, by injecting tourism expenditures into areas needing urban regeneration, and by bringing jobs and re-training to areas with unemployment / social problems.
Continuing from my last post on the basic concepts of sustainable tourism, below are the 12 aims of the Sustainable Tourism released by the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) and the World Tourism Organisation (WTO).
1) Economic Viability
To ensure the viability and competitiveness of tourism destinations and enterprises, so that they are able to continue to prosper and deliver benefits in the long term.
2) Local Prosperity
To maximize the contribution of tourism to the economic prosperity of the host destination, including the proportion of visitor spending that is retained locally.
3) Employment Quality
To strengthen the number and quality of local jobs created and supported by tourism, including the level of pay, conditions of service and availability to all without discrimination by gender, race, disability or in other ways.
4) Social Equity
To seek a widespread and fair distribution of economic and social benefits from tourism throughout the recipient community, including improving opportunities, income and services available to the poor.
5) Visitor Fulfillment
To provide a safe, satisfying and fulfilling experience for visitors, available to all without discrimination by gender, race, disability or in other ways.
6) Local Control
To engage and empower local communities in planning and decision making about the management and future development of tourism in their area, in consultation with other stakeholders.
7) Community Wellbeing
To maintain and strengthen the quality of life in local communities, including social structures and access to resources, amenities and life support systems, avoiding any form of social degradation or exploitation.
8) Cultural Richness
To respect and enhance the historic heritage, authentic culture, traditions and distinctiveness of host communities.
9) Physical Integrity
To maintain and enhance the quality of landscapes, both urban and rural, and avoid the physical and visual degradation of the environment.
10) Biological Diversity
To support the conservation of natural areas, habitats and wildlife, and minimize damage to them.
11) Resource Efficiency
To minimize the use of scarce and non-renewable resources in the development and operation of tourism facilities and services.
To minimize the pollution of air, water and land and the generation of waste by tourism enterprises and visitors.
Taken from: the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) and the World Tourism Organisation (WTO) 12 Aims for Sustainable Tourism